Introduction Criminology is not an old science; nevertheless it is possible to say that the steps of its creation started long before its official definition as a science.
It then briefly describes several other important theories of crime, most of which represent elaborations of these three theories. Finally, efforts to develop integrated theories of crime are briefly discussed.
All of the theories that are described explain crime in terms of the social environment, including the family, school, peer groupworkplace, community, and society.
These theories, however, differ from one another in several ways: Strain theory Why do people engage in crime according to strain theory? They experience strain or stress, they become upset, and they sometimes engage in crime as a result. They may engage in crime to reduce or escape from the strain they are experiencing.
For example, they may engage in violence to end harassment from others, they may steal to reduce financial problems, or they may run away from home to escape abusive parents.
They may also engage in crime to seek revenge against those who have wronged them. And they may engage in the crime of illicit drug use to make themselves feel better.
Agnew, however, points to certain types of strain not considered in these previous versions and provides a fuller discussion of the conditions under which strain is most likely to lead to crime.
The major types of strain. Agnew describes two general categories of strain that contribute to crime: While strain may result from the failure to achieve a variety of goals, Agnew and others focus on the failure to achieve three related goals: Money is perhaps the central goal in the United States.
All people, poor as well as rich, are encouraged to work hard so that they might make a lot of money. Further, money is necessary to buy many of the things we want, including the necessities of life and luxury items. Many people, however, are prevented from getting the money they need through legal channels, such as work.
This is especially true for poor people, but it is true for many middle-class people with lofty goals as well. As a consequence, such people experience strain and they may attempt to get money through illegal channels—such as theft, selling drugs, and prostitution.
Studies provide some support for this argument. Criminals and delinquents often report that they engage in income-generating crime because they want money but cannot easily get it any other way.Psychological theories have tried to explain why and how the crime occurs.
The psychoanalytic point of view, two main theories: Freud’s theory of stages of sexual development and the theory of addition of Intent by Bowlby in CRIME CAUSATION: SOCIOLOGICAL THEORIES This entry focuses on the three major sociological theories of crime and delinquency: strain, social learning, and control theories.
It then briefly describes several other important theories of crime, most of which represent elaborations of these three theories.
Finally, efforts to develop integrated theories of crime are briefly discussed. Psychological Theories of Delinquent Causation In choosing theories of causation to get a better understanding of why delinquent behavior occurs, one should approach the psychological theories.
Within the psychological theories, are two theories we will to further explore. Psychological Theories of Delinquent Causation Psychological Theories of Delinquent Causation Juvenile Justice Melissa Skinner Carl Sandburg College February 18, Psychological Theories of Delinquent Causation In choosing theories of causation to get a better understanding of why delinquent behavior occurs, one should approach the psychological theories.
Psychological Theories of Crime When examining psychological theories of crime, one must be cognizant of the three major theories.
The first is psychodynamic theory, which is centered on the notion that an individual’s early childhood experience influences his or . Theories of Causation of Crime and Its Solution Essay - If we studied through the history of criminal theory, spiritual and natural theories are taken as major theories of causation of crime.
During medieval period, spiritual explanations were taken as punishment given by god for doing wrong things and any natural disasters like flood, fires.