The million old lake has a maximum depth of 1, meters and is a living museum, boasting approximately 1, animal and plant species, out of which two thirds are endemic. It is one of the clearest lakes in the world, the biggest lake in Asia and 7th biggest lake in the world by surface area.
See Article History Alternative Titles: It is the oldest existing freshwater lake on Earth 20 million—25 million years oldas well as the deepest continental body of water, having a maximum depth of 5, feet 1, metres. Its area is some 12, square miles 31, square kmwith a length of miles km and an average width of 30 miles 48 km.
The sedimentary strata on the floor of the lake may be as much as 20, feet 6, metres thick. There are occasional severe earthquakes; in a quake inundated about 77 square miles square km in the northern Selenga delta, creating a new bay in Baikal known as Proval Bay.
The meandering shoreline runs for some 1, miles 2, kmwith large indentations at the bays of Barguzin, Chivyrkuysky, and Proval and at Ayaya and Frolikha inlets; the Svyatoy Nos Peninsula juts out into the lake from the eastern shore. Baikal contains some 45 islets and islands, the largest of which are Olkhon about square miles [ square km] and Bolshoy Great Ushkany 3.
The influx of water into the lake is primarily from rivers, chiefly the Selenga. The only outflow is through the Angara Rivera tributary of the Yenisey. The lake surface freezes in January and thaws in May or June.
Waves can be as high as 15 feet 4. The water is very clear; from the surface one can see to feet 40 metres. Its salinity is low, and it contains few minerals. Plant and animal life in the lake is rich and various. There are between 1, and 1, animal species at different depths, and hundreds of plant species live on or near the surface.
The majority of the species are endemic to Baikal. There are some 50 species of fish, belonging to seven families; the most numerous of these are the 25 species of gobies. The omul salmon is heavily fished; also important are the graylinglake whitefish, and sturgeon.
Unique to the lake is a fish called the golomyanka, of the family Comephoridae, which gives birth to live young. The one mammal species is the Baikal seal, or nerpa Phoca sibirica.
There are more than bird species in the Baikal area. There are many mineral springs, and visitors come to Goryachinsk for the curative properties of the waters.
Further pollution controls were resisted, however, and industrial waste at the site remained a concern in the late s. The protection of natural resources in the area began with the establishment of the Barguzinsky Nature Reserve in ; subsequently there were added the Baikalsky and Baikalo-Lenskiy nature reserves, the Frolikhinskiy and Kabansky wildlife reserves, and the Zabaikalsky and Pribaikalsky national parks both Lake Baikal, southeastern Siberia, Russia.Lake Baikal holds 20% of all freshwater on the planet.
If every person in the world would spend liters of water per day, then the available capacity of Lake Baikal would last for all of humanity for 40 years. Lake Baikal has the purest freshwater water on the planet.
» Lake Baikal is the deepest lake in the world with a maximum depth of 1,m» It is also the world’s largest volume of fresh water 23, cubic km.» This means that one-fifth of all the fresh water in the world is located here at Lake Baikal.
Lake Baikal: Lake Baikal, lake located in the southern part of eastern Siberia in Russia.
It is the oldest existing freshwater lake on Earth (20 million million years old), as well as the deepest continental body of water, having a maximum depth of 5, feet (1, meters).
Lake Baikal, Russian Ozero Baykal, also spelled Ozero Bajkal, lake located in the southern part of eastern Siberia within the republic of Buryatia and Irkutsk oblast (province) of Russia. Book your tickets online for the top things to do in Lake Baikal, Russia on TripAdvisor: See , traveler reviews and photos of Lake Baikal tourist attractions.
Find what to do today, this weekend, or in November. We have reviews of the best places to see in Lake Baikal. Visit top-rated & . Lake Baikal (Russian: о́зеро Байка́л, tr. Ozero Baykal, IPA: [ˈozʲɪrə bɐjˈkaɫ]; Buryat: Байгал нуур, Baigal nuur; Mongolian: Байгал нуур, Baigal nuur, etymologically meaning, in Mongolian, "the Nature Lake") is a rift lake in Russia, located in southern Siberia, between Irkutsk Oblast to the northwest and the Buryat Republic to the southeast.