Intial public offerings essay

Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. Get Access Initial Public Offering Essay Sample An initial public offering IPO is a type of public offering where shares of stock in a company are sold to the general public, on a securities exchange, for the first time. Through this process, a private company transforms into a public company. Initial public offerings are used by companies to raise expansion capital, to possibly monetize the investments of early private investors, and to become publicly traded enterprises.

Intial public offerings essay

Conclusion An initial public offering, or IPOis the very first sale of stock issued by a company to the public. Prior to an IPO the company is considered privatewith a relatively small number of shareholders made up primarily of early investors such as the founders, their families and friends and professional investors such as venture capitalists or angel investors.

You can potentially approach the owners of a private company about investing, but they're not obligated to sell you anything. Public companies, on the other hand, have sold at least a portion of their shares to the public to be traded on a stock exchange.

This is why an IPO is also referred to as "going public. For example, its owners do not have to disclose much financial or accounting information about the company. In the United States, it is easy and relatively inexpensive to found a private company, and most small to medium sized businesses are private.

But large companies can be private too. Public companies have thousands of shareholders and are subject to strict rules and regulations.

Three essays on initial public offerings (Book, ) []

They must form a board of directors and they must report auditable financial and accounting information every quarter. In other countries, public companies are overseen by governing bodies similar to the SEC. In addition, public companies must adhere to regulations and requirements set forth by the stock exchanges where their shares are listed.

Being on a major stock exchange carries a considerable amount of prestige. Historically, only private companies with strong fundamentals and proven profitability potential could qualify for an IPO and it wasn't easy to get listed.

Today, with competition among many stock exchanges, listing requirements have relaxed a bit. Looking to invest in IPOs? Why Have an IPO? Why go public, then? Going public raises a great deal of money for the company in order for it to grow and expand.

Private companies have many options to raise capital — such as borrowing, finding additional private investors, or by being acquired by another company. But, by far, the IPO option raises the largest sums of money for the company and its early investors.

Because of the increased scrutiny from analysts and investors, public companies can usually enjoy better i. Moreover, as long as there is market demand, a public company can issue more stock in a so-called secondary offering. Thus, mergers and acquisitions are easier to arrange because stock can be issued as part of the deal.

For investors, trading in the open markets means liquidity. If you are a shareholder of a private company, it is very difficult to sell your shares, and even more difficult to value your shares.

A public company trades on a stock market, with ready buyers and sellers and known price and transaction data.

Intial public offerings essay

The stock market is therefore referred to as the secondary marketsince investors are buying and selling stock from other public investors and not from the company itself. Public markets and liquidity also makes it possible for a company to implement benefits like employee stock ownership plans ESOPswhich help to attract top talent.

ESOPs Facilitating acquisitions potentially in return for shares of stock Raises the largest amount of money for the company compared to other options Cons: Company becomes required to disclose financial, accounting, tax, and other business information Significant legal, accounting and marketing costs, many of which are ongoing Increased time, effort and attention required of management for reporting Risk that required funding will not be raised if the market does not accept the IPO price, sending the stock price lower right after the offering Public dissemination of information which may be useful to competitors, suppliers and customers Loss of control and stronger agency problems due to new shareholders, who obtain voting rights and can effectively control company decisions via the board of directors Increased risk of legal or regulatory issues, such as private securities class action lawsuits and shareholder actions An IPO, to recap, is when the company sells stock to the public.

If a firm can convince people to buy stock in the company, it can raise a lot of money. The IPO is seen as an exit strategy for the company founders and early investors to profit from their early risk taking in a new venture.

Intial public offerings essay

Therefore, in an IPO many of the shares sold to the public were previously owned by those founders and investors. Only prior to the IPO does the company issue stock directly to shareholders. This means that when you buy shares of a company, you are not handing your investment money over to the corporation, but instead to whomever sold you their shares.

When a company sells shares to the public, the company and its owners still typically retain a significant portion of the total stock, so some early investors and co-founders may still have a great deal of influence on the direction of the company despite there being a large number of new shareholders.Initial public offering or stock market launch is a type of public offering in which shares of a company usually are sold to institutional investors that in turn, sell to the general public, on a securities exchange, for the first time.

Initial Public Offering Essay An initial public offering (IPO) occurs when a firm for the first time sells securities to the public. Firms going public can be nascent start-ups or old, established corporations engaged in restructuring .

Initial Public Offering Initial Public Offering Sysorex Global Holdings Corp, a provider of IT services and technologies, is based in Santa Clara California and went public in at an initial public offering (IPO) price of .

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Decisions determine destiny essays. An initial public offering, or IPO, is the very first sale of stock issued by a company to the to an IPO the company is considered private, with a relatively small number of.

Initial Public Offerings: An initial public offering is the decision by a company to sell its stock to the public for the first time. In some cases, this process is described as a transaction with which an investment banking company generates investment capital though making the company to go public.

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