In the paper, intelligent transportation technologies such as wireless nbsp; Research and Development of Intelligent Transportation Systems is summarized in this paper.
Background[ edit ] Recent[ when? Many of the proposed ITS systems also involve surveillance of the roadways, which is a priority of homeland security. Further, ITS can play a role in the rapid mass evacuation of people in urban centers after large casualty events such as a result of a natural disaster or threat.
Much of the infrastructure and planning involved with ITS parallels the need for homeland security systems. In the developing worldthe migration from rural to urbanized habitats has progressed differently. Many areas of the developing world have urbanised without significant motorisation and the formation of suburbs.
A small portion of the population can afford automobilesbut the automobiles greatly increase congestion in these multimodal transportation systems.
They also produce considerable air pollutionpose a significant safety risk, and exacerbate feelings of inequities in the society. High population density could be supported by a multimodal system of walking, bicycle transportation, motorcyclesbusesand trains.
Other parts of the developing world, such as ChinaIndia and Brazil remain largely rural but are rapidly urbanising and industrialising.
In these areas a motorised infrastructure is being developed alongside motorisation of the population. Great disparity of wealth means that only a fraction of the population can motorise, and therefore the highly dense multimodal transportation system for the poor is cross-cut by the highly motorised transportation system for the rich.
Intelligent transportation technologies[ edit ] Intelligent transport systems vary in technologies applied, from basic management systems such as car navigation ; traffic signal control systems; container management systems; variable message signs; automatic number plate recognition or speed cameras to monitor applications, such as security CCTV systems; and to more advanced applications that integrate live data and feedback from a number of other sources, such as parking guidance and information systems; weather information ; bridge de-icing US deicing systems; and the like.
Additionally, predictive techniques are being developed to allow advanced modelling and comparison with historical baseline data. Some of these technologies are described in the following sections.
Short-range communications of m can be accomplished using IEEE Theoretically, the range of these protocols can be extended using Mobile ad hoc networks or Mesh networking. Long-range communications using these methods are well established, but, unlike the short-range protocols, these methods require extensive and very expensive infrastructure deployment.
There is lack of consensus as to what business model should support this infrastructure. Computational technologies[ edit ] Recent advances in vehicle electronics have led to a move towards fewer, more capable computer processors on a vehicle.
The current trend is toward fewer, more costly microprocessor modules with hardware memory management and real-time operating systems.
The new embedded system platforms allow for more sophisticated software applications to be implemented, including model-based process controlartificial intelligenceand ubiquitous computing.
Perhaps the most important of these for Intelligent Transportation Systems is artificial intelligence. Floating car data RFID E-ZPass reader attached to the pole and its antenna right used in traffic monitoring in New York City by using vehicle re-identification method "Floating car" or "probe" data collected other transport routes.
Broadly speaking, four methods have been used to obtain the raw data: In developed countries a high proportion of cars contain one or more mobile phones.The International Journal of Intelligent Transportation Systems Research provides a global forum for the discussion of effective solutions for ITS, to meet the needs of the world.
It is the only international platform to foster wide-ranging discussion across disciplines by bringing together a broad-based audience for solutions-oriented. INTELLIGENT TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM: Review paper Nitish Kumar Kumar Ankit (plombier-nemours.com Final year) SCE DEHRADUN International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research Volume 8, Issue 12, December ISSN 30 International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research Volume 8, Issue 12, December ISSN Intelligent Transport System for road transportation.
Also, this paper research publications and projects goals which are equally important for the objective of this paper because all of them presented novel ideas and interesting functionalities of ITS and Ambient Intelligence in the future world.
The Office of the Secretary of Transportation (OST-R) is dedicated solely to the advancement of the U.S. Department of Transportation (USDOT, US DOT or DOT) research and innovative technology program.
OST-R allows the Department to more effectively coordinate and manage the Department's research portfolio and expedite implementation of cross-cutting innovative technologies.
Working papers describe research in progress by the author(s) and The present paper reviews how intelligent transport system (ITS) applications relate to the facilitation of transport from a sustainable development perspective.
First, by looking at a large. ITS LAB | Building Massachusetts Institute of Technology 77 Massachusetts Avenue Cambridge, MA