Fighting continued, almost all of it within the territory assigned to the Palestinian state AboutPalestinians fled or were expelled in the conflict.
From about tothe Ottoman Empire ruled much of the region. The League of Nations issued a British mandate for Palestine—a document that gave Britain the responsibility of establishing a Jewish national homeland in Palestine—which went into effect in Jewish leaders accepted the plan, but many Palestinian Arabs vehemently opposed it.
Arab groups argued that they represented the majority of the population in certain regions and should be granted more territory.
They began to form volunteer armies throughout Palestine. Israel Becomes a State In Mayless than a year after the Partition of Palestine was introduced, Britain withdrew from Palestine and Israel became an independent state.
Estimates suggest betweenandPalestinians fled or were forced to leave their homes. Almost immediately, war broke out between Jews and Arabs in the region.
This conflict marked the beginning of years of violent conflict between Arabs and Israelis. In the years after its History of the palestinian conflict, the PLO became associated with extremism and violence. This brief conflict, which became known as The Six-Day Warresulted in major land gains for Israel.
The outcome of this war led to more fighting that continued for decades. This conflict was fueled by Israeli occupation of Gaza and the West Bank. Palestinian militia groups revolted, and hundreds of people were killed.
A subsequent peace process, known as the Oslo Peace Accords, was proposed to end the ongoing violence.
Arafat returned to Gaza in after being exiled for 27 years. He headed up the newly-formed Palestinian Authority.
It also set a schedule for Palestinian Legislative Council elections. Many Palestinians felt this was an offensive move, and they protested. Riots, suicide bombings and other attacks subsequently broke out, putting an end to the promising peace process.
This period of violence between Palestinians and Israelis lasted nearly five years. Inthe Israeli army withdrew from Gaza. That same year, fighting between Hamas and Fatah, the political group that controlled the PLO, ensued.
InHamas defeated Fatah in a battle for Gaza. Many countries consider Hamas to be a terrorist organization.
The group has carried out suicide bombings and repeatedly called for the destruction of Israel. In AprilHamas and Fatah agreed to a deal that would form a unified national Palestinian government.
Although Palestinians occupy key areas of land, including the West Bank and the Gaza strip, large populations of Israelis continue to settle in these locations. In Mayleaders of Hamas presented a document that proposed the formation of a Palestinian state using the defined borders, with Jerusalem as its capital.
However, the group refused to recognize Israel as a state, and the Israeli government promptly rejected the plan. What is Palestine and Palestinians? Israel Science and Technology Directory. Everything you need to know about Israel-Palestine.
The countries that recognize Palestine as a state. The Palestinian Liberation Organisation. The History Learning Site. History of a Revolution. Hamas accepts Palestinian state with borders.The modern history of Palestine begins with the termination of the British Mandate, the Partition of Palestine and the creation of Israel, and the ensuing Israeli-Palestinian conflict.
The Partition of Palestine. However, Palestinian officials were concerned over Israel's ongoing settlement building in the West Bank and east Jerusalem, land that would be part of an official Palestinian state.
Israel freed another 26 Palestinian prisoners as part of the current U.S.-brokered peace talks in October. The history of the Palestinian-Israeli conflict is elastic; it changes dramatically depending on who is telling it and where they start the story.
While the tortured history of the conflict dates back more than a century, this article covers the conflict beginning in , when the state of Israel was declared. For detailed information about the early history of the region, see Palestine.
The conflict between Israel and the Palestinians reached a new level of intensity and complexity on December 31, , with the first al-Fatah raid into Israel from Lebanon. al-Fatah is a Palestinian political and military group formed in the late s with the aim of retaking Palestinian land from Israel.
The Israeli–Palestinian conflict (Hebrew: הסכסוך הישראלי-פלסטיני , translit. Ha'Sikhsukh Ha'Yisraeli-Falestini; Arabic: النزاع-الفلسطيني الإسرائيلي , translit. al-Niza'a al-Filastini-al-Israili) is the ongoing struggle between Israelis and Palestinians that began in the midth century.