Here's some advice on how to include things like a sales forecast, expense budget, and cash-flow statement. Based in the Washington, D. Getty Images A business plan is all conceptual until you start filling in the numbers and terms. The sections about your marketing plan and strategy are interesting to read, but they don't mean a thing if you can't justify your business with good figures on the bottom line.
Investors need statements to analyze investment potential. Banks require financial statements to decide whether or not to loan money, and many companies need statements to ascertain the risk involved in doing business with their customers and suppliers.
These facts are then compiled, classified and summarized into financial reports for a business so that a financial statement can then be prepared. The date of a financial statement is of considerable importance.
Most are drawn up on a yearly fiscal basis. Statements provided that are outside of the fiscal closing are known as interim statements. Pro forma statements are hypothetical statements - financial statements as they would appear after a certain set of events occur, e. When The Business Plan Store writes business plans, we generally prepare pro forma financial statements income statements, balance sheets and statements of cash flow by month for the first twelve months of business and by year for the four years thereafter.
We will vary that model depending on the needs of our clients. The Business Plan Store includes three parts to the financial statements - the balance sheet, the income profit and loss statement, and the statement of cash flows or cash flow statement.
A balance sheet is a detailed snapshot of the condition or financial health of a company on a specific date. December 31st is the most popular choice among businesses, however many seasonal businesses issue their statements after their main selling season, because their condition is most favorable at that time.
Balance sheets are generally presented with assets on the left side of the page or top and liabilities and equity on the right or bottom. Totals of both left and right or top and bottom must be the same since total assets must equal total liabilities plus net worth. Sales or service income is offset against expenses - operating and productions costs.
It differs from the income statement in that a business can record sales revenue on account accounts receivable without receiving cash, and pay dividends or purchase securities or long-term assets - cash disbursements that do not appear on the income statement.
A well-constructed statement of cash flows will begin from the operating profit line on the income statement, identify working capital adjustments e. The proof that financial statements "tie" is that the change in the cash balance on the beginning and ending balance sheets equals the net cash flow for the period.
By comparing two or more successive financial statements of the same concern, a trend becomes apparent.
Individual items of the balance sheet and profit and loss statement compared with identical items on previous statements can be significantly revealing in decision making. This observation process is called comparative analysis. If you want to see the financial statements for your business plan:Learn more about preparing financial statements for your small business and check out our free training course on accounting basics.
You can find a SCORE chapter, Small Business Development Center SBA resource partner for additional resources, training and mentoring. There are numerous financial statements crucial for any new business.
Learn more about business financial statements and why they are important at Wise Business Plans today.
The financial statements themselves (the Income Statement, Cash Flow Projections, and Balance Sheet) will be placed in your business plan's Appendices. Continue Reading Use This Template to Write a Simple Business Plan.
The Income Statement is one of the three financial statements that you need to include in the Financial Plan section of the business plan. The Income Statement shows your revenues, expenses, and profit for a particular period. If a business plans to issue financial statements to outside users (such as investors or lenders), the financial statements should be formatted in accordance with one of the major accounting frameworks.
Profit & Loss Statement: A P&L is a company’s financial statement shows revenue recognized for a specific period of time less expenses.
The purpose of the income statement is to show executives, banks, and investors whether the company made or lost money during the period being reported. Revenue Forecast: A financial forecast of future outcomes for a company.