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Country life movement As late ashalf the population lived in rural areas. They experienced their own progressive reforms, typically with the explicit goal of upgrading country life. The railroad system was virtually complete; the need was for much better roads.
The traditional method of putting the burden on maintaining roads on local landowners was increasingly inadequate.
New York State took the lead inand by the old system had been discarded in every area. Demands grew for local and state government to take charge. With the coming of the automobile afterurgent efforts were made to upgrade and modernize dirt roads designed for horse-drawn wagon traffic.
The American Association for Highway Improvement was organized in Funding came from automobile registration, and taxes on motor fuels, as well as state aid.
Infederal-aid was first made available to improve post-roads, and promote general commerce. The rapidly increasing speed of automobiles, and especially trucks, made maintenance and repair a high priority.
Concrete was first used inand expanded until it became the dominant surfacing material in the s. Typically, classes were taught by young local women before they married, with only occasional supervision by county superintendents.
The progressive solution was modernization through consolidation, with the result of children attending modern schools. There they would be taught by full-time professional teachers who had graduated from the states' teachers colleges, were certified, and were monitored by the county superintendents.
Farmers complained at the expense, and also at the loss of control over local affairs, but in state after state the consolidation process went forward. County fairs not only gave prizes for the most productive agricultural practices, they also demonstrated those practices to an attentive rural audience.
Programs for new mothers included maternity care and training in baby care. The traditionalists said many of their reforms were unnecessary and not worth the trouble of implementing. Rural residents also disagreed with the notion that farms needed to improve their efficiency, as they saw this goal as serving urban interests more than rural ones.
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The social conservatism of many rural residents also led them to resist attempts for change led by outsiders. Most important, the traditionalists did not want to become modern, and did not want their children inculcated with alien modern values through comprehensive schools that were remote from local control.
A report to Secretary of War Taft provided a summary of what the American civil administration had achieved. It included, in addition to the rapid building of a public school system based on English teaching, and boasted about such modernizing achievements as: By the law was clearly a failure.
Reformers such as Taft believed landownership would turn unruly agrarians into loyal subjects. The social structure in rural Philippines was highly traditional and highly unequal. Drastic changes in land ownership posed a major challenge to local elites, who would not accept it, nor would their peasant clients.
The American reformers blamed peasant resistance to landownership for the law's failure and argued that large plantations and sharecropping was the Philippines' best path to development.
They specialized on such urgent needs as infant care and maternal and child health, the distribution of pure milk and teaching new mothers about children's health. He was also a leader in promoting environmentalism. While white Progressives in principle believed in improving conditions for minority groups, there were wide differences in how this was to be achieved.
Some, such as Lillian Waldfought to alleviate the plight of poor African Americans. Many, though, were concerned with enforcing, not eradicating, racial segregation.Theodore Roosevelt: Theodore Roosevelt, the 26th president of the United States and a writer, naturalist, and soldier.
Theodore Roosevelt for Kids: His Life and Times, 21 Activities (For Kids series) [Kerrie Logan Hollihan] on plombier-nemours.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Named a Smithsonian Notable Book for Children for Theodore Roosevelt’s heart was as big as the great outdoors he loved. Nobody made a greater mistake than he who did nothing because he could only do a little.
The welfare of the people in particular has always been the alibi of tyrants, and it provides the further advantage of giving the servants of tyranny a good conscience.
Jan 12, · The rising young Republican politician Theodore Roosevelt unexpectedly became the 26th president of the United States in September , after the assassination of . A database of political history and cemeteries, with brief biographical entries for , U.S. political figures, living and dead, from the s to the present.
Theodore Roosevelt biography. Theodore Roosevelt ( – ) Theodore Roosevelt was the 26th President of the United States from to He was a driving figure of the Progressive Age, helping to reform the excesses and corruption of big business and a supporter of liberal reforms.